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Some Internal and External Factors Related to Students as the Predictors of Eudaimonia in the Students of the Countries in Turkish Geography

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, 927 - 948, 26.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30703/cije.741620

Öz

This study aimed to investigate the 15-year-old students' eudaimonia levels in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tatarstan, and Turkey and the role of some internal and external factors related to students in predicting eudaimonia levels of these students. The research sample consists of 15-year-old 39040 students in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tatarstan, and Turkey. In the analysis of secondary data obtained from PISA-2018 evaluation, t-test and multiple linear regression analyzes were used. The results indicated that there are significant differences in students' eudaimonia levels between Azerbaijan-Turkey, Azerbaijan-Tatarstan, Kazakhstan-Turkey, and Kazakhstan-Tatarstan and there is no significant difference in terms of students' eudaimonia levels between Azerbaijan-Kazakhstan and Turkey-Tatarstan. Besides, it was concluded that the variables of self-efficacy, motivation to overcome tasks, learning goals, emotional support of parents, competitiveness, fear of failure, perceived teacher enthusiasm, economic, social, and cultural situation are the predictors of eudaimonia in the students within the scope of the study. It was found that the variables of bullying and information communication technology (ICT) resources are not significant predictors of eudaimonia. When an evaluation is made in the context of countries for the findings of this study, it can be said that students' eudaimonias are a variable that can differ both in historical, cultural and racial commitment and in countries that have economic, social and cultural cooperation. However, as an interesting result, the strong predictors of the level of eudaimonia in students of this age group of four countries in the Turkish World are internal factors. Based on the results of the study, suggestions were made.

Kaynakça

  • Ağır, O. ve Demir, G. (2019). Rusya Federasyonu'nda özerkcumhuriyetlerin siyasal yapısı: Tataristan Özerk Cumhuriyeti. Ulakbilge, 7(33), 143-163. https://doi.org/10.7816/ulakbilge-07-33-03
  • Bauer, J. J., and McAdams, D. P. (2010). Eudaimonic growth: Narrative growth goals predict increases in ego development and subjective well-being 3 years later.Developmental Psychology,46(4), 761-772. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019654
  • Baumeister, R. F., and Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497-529.
  • Bélanger, J. J., Lafreniere, M. A. K., Vallerand, R. J., and Kruglanski, A. W. (2013). Driven by fear: The effect of success and failure information on passionate individuals' performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(1), 180-195. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029585
  • Bendixen, M., Daveronis, J., and Kennair, L. E. O. (2018). The effects of non-physical peer sexual harassment on high school students’ psychological well-being in Norway: consistent and stable findings across studies. International Journal of Public Health, 63(1), 3-11.https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1049-3
  • Clark, A. E., Frijters, P., and Shields, M. A. (2008). Relative income, happiness, and utility: An explanation for the Easterlin paradox and other puzzles. Journal of Economic Literature, 46(1), 95-144.
  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences(2nd ed.).Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
  • Corti, L. (2008). Secondary analysis. In L. M. Given (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods volumes 1 and 2 (pp. 801-803). Thousand Oaks,California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Crespo, R. F., and Mesurado, B. (2015). Happiness economics, eudaimonia and positive psychology: From happiness economics to flourishing economics. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(4), 931-946.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9541-4
  • DeCaroli, M. E., and Sagone, E. (2014). Generalized self-efficacy and well-being in adolescents with high vs. low scholastic self-efficacy. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 867-874.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.152
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., Oishi, S., and Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social indicators research, 97(2), 143-156.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  • Doğan, U. (2016). Lise öğrencilerinin sosyal ağ siteleri kullanımının mutluluk, psikolojik iyi-oluş ve yaşam doyumlarına etkisi: Facebook ve Twitter Örneği. Eğitim ve Bilim, 41(183),217-231. https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2016.4616
  • Ehtiyar, R. V., Ersoy, A., Akgün, A. ve Karapınar, E. (2017). Üniversite öğrencilerinin geleceğe yönelik tutum ve olumlu gelecek beklentilerinin psikolojik iyilik halleri üzerindeki etkisi. Mediterranean Journal Of Humanities, 7(2), 251-262.https://doi.org/10.13114/MJH.2017.361
  • Elliot, A. J., and Church, M. A. (1997). A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(1), 218-232.
  • Elliot, A. J., and Thrash, T. M. (2001). Achievement goals and the hierarchical model of achievement motivation. Educational Psychology Review, 13(2), 139-156.
  • Erkızan, H. N. (2016). Aristoteles, mutluluğun (eudaimonia) yitirilişi ve günümüz üzerine (I). Hayrettin Ökçesiz, Gülriz Uygur, E. İrem Akı ve Nadire Özdemir (Editörler), Hukuk Felsefesi ve Sosyolojisi Arkivi içinde (s. 89-97). İstanbul: İstanbul Barosu Yayınları.
  • Ersungur, M., Kızıltan, A. ve Karabulut, K. (2007). Türkiye İle diğer Türk Cumhuriyetlerinin ekonomik ilişkilerinin analizi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, 14(35), 285-310.
  • Freire, C., Ferradás, M. D. M., Núñez, J. C., Valle, A., and Vallejo, G. (2019). Eudaimonic well-being and coping with stress in university students: The mediating/moderating role of self-efficacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(1), 48-63. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010048
  • Gülcan, A. ve Nedim-Bal, P. (2014). Genç yetişkinlerde iyimserliğin mutluluk ve yaşam doyumu üzerindeki etkisinin incelenmesi. Asya Öğretim Dergisi, 2(1(ÖZEL)), 41-52.
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Türk Coğrafyasındaki Ülkelerin Öğrencilerinde Eudaimonianın Yordayıcıları Olarak Öğrencilere İlişkin İçsel ve Dışsal Bazı Faktörler

Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, 927 - 948, 26.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30703/cije.741620

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Azerbaycan, Kazakistan, Tataristan ve Türkiye’deki 15 yaş grubu öğrencilerin eudaimonia düzeylerinin ve bu öğrencilerin eudaimonia düzeylerinin yordanmasında öğrencilere ilişkin bazı içsel ve dışsal faktörlerin rolünün incelenmesidir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubu, Azerbaycan, Kazakistan, Tataristan ve Türkiye’den 15 yaşındaki 39040 öğrenciden oluşmaktadır. PISA-2018 değerlendirmesinden elde edilen ikincil verilerin analizlerinde t-testi ve çoklu doğrusal regresyon analizleri kullanılmıştır. Sonuçlar; Azerbaycan-Türkiye, Azerbaycan-Tataristan, Kazakistan-Türkiye ve Kazakistan-Tataristan arasında öğrencilerin eudaimonia düzeyleri açısından anlamlı farklılıklar olduğunu, Azerbaycan-Kazakistan ve Türkiye-Tataristan arasında ise anlamlı bir fark bulunmadığını göstermektedir. Bunun yanı sıra, öz-yeterlik, görevlerin üstesinden gelme motivasyonu, öğrenme hedefleri, ebeveynlerin duygusal desteği, rekabet edebilirlik, başarısızlık korkusu, algılanan öğretmen hevesi, ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel durum değişkenlerinin çalışma kapsamındaki öğrencilerde eudaimonianın yordayıcıları oldukları sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Zorbalığa maruz kalma ve BİT olanakları değişkenlerinin ise eudaimonianın anlamlı yordayıcıları olmadığı bulunmuştur. Çalışma sonuçlarına dayanarak önerilerde bulunulmuştur.

Kaynakça

  • Ağır, O. ve Demir, G. (2019). Rusya Federasyonu'nda özerkcumhuriyetlerin siyasal yapısı: Tataristan Özerk Cumhuriyeti. Ulakbilge, 7(33), 143-163. https://doi.org/10.7816/ulakbilge-07-33-03
  • Bauer, J. J., and McAdams, D. P. (2010). Eudaimonic growth: Narrative growth goals predict increases in ego development and subjective well-being 3 years later.Developmental Psychology,46(4), 761-772. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019654
  • Baumeister, R. F., and Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497-529.
  • Bélanger, J. J., Lafreniere, M. A. K., Vallerand, R. J., and Kruglanski, A. W. (2013). Driven by fear: The effect of success and failure information on passionate individuals' performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(1), 180-195. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029585
  • Bendixen, M., Daveronis, J., and Kennair, L. E. O. (2018). The effects of non-physical peer sexual harassment on high school students’ psychological well-being in Norway: consistent and stable findings across studies. International Journal of Public Health, 63(1), 3-11.https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-1049-3
  • Clark, A. E., Frijters, P., and Shields, M. A. (2008). Relative income, happiness, and utility: An explanation for the Easterlin paradox and other puzzles. Journal of Economic Literature, 46(1), 95-144.
  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences(2nd ed.).Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
  • Corti, L. (2008). Secondary analysis. In L. M. Given (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods volumes 1 and 2 (pp. 801-803). Thousand Oaks,California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Crespo, R. F., and Mesurado, B. (2015). Happiness economics, eudaimonia and positive psychology: From happiness economics to flourishing economics. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(4), 931-946.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9541-4
  • DeCaroli, M. E., and Sagone, E. (2014). Generalized self-efficacy and well-being in adolescents with high vs. low scholastic self-efficacy. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 867-874.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.152
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D. W., Oishi, S., and Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social indicators research, 97(2), 143-156.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  • Doğan, U. (2016). Lise öğrencilerinin sosyal ağ siteleri kullanımının mutluluk, psikolojik iyi-oluş ve yaşam doyumlarına etkisi: Facebook ve Twitter Örneği. Eğitim ve Bilim, 41(183),217-231. https://doi.org/10.15390/EB.2016.4616
  • Ehtiyar, R. V., Ersoy, A., Akgün, A. ve Karapınar, E. (2017). Üniversite öğrencilerinin geleceğe yönelik tutum ve olumlu gelecek beklentilerinin psikolojik iyilik halleri üzerindeki etkisi. Mediterranean Journal Of Humanities, 7(2), 251-262.https://doi.org/10.13114/MJH.2017.361
  • Elliot, A. J., and Church, M. A. (1997). A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(1), 218-232.
  • Elliot, A. J., and Thrash, T. M. (2001). Achievement goals and the hierarchical model of achievement motivation. Educational Psychology Review, 13(2), 139-156.
  • Erkızan, H. N. (2016). Aristoteles, mutluluğun (eudaimonia) yitirilişi ve günümüz üzerine (I). Hayrettin Ökçesiz, Gülriz Uygur, E. İrem Akı ve Nadire Özdemir (Editörler), Hukuk Felsefesi ve Sosyolojisi Arkivi içinde (s. 89-97). İstanbul: İstanbul Barosu Yayınları.
  • Ersungur, M., Kızıltan, A. ve Karabulut, K. (2007). Türkiye İle diğer Türk Cumhuriyetlerinin ekonomik ilişkilerinin analizi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, 14(35), 285-310.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Umut Birkan ÖZKAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
MİLLİ SAVUNMA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8978-3213
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 10, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Özkan, U. B. (2021). Türk Coğrafyasındaki Ülkelerin Öğrencilerinde Eudaimonianın Yordayıcıları Olarak Öğrencilere İlişkin İçsel ve Dışsal Bazı Faktörler . Cumhuriyet Uluslararası Eğitim Dergisi , 10 (3) , 927-948 . DOI: 10.30703/cije.741620

e-ISSN: 2147-1606

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